Inuit Tourism in the Americas

In the article, Tourism to Greenland:Renewed Ethnicity, the author described the turning point of tourism becoming a main source of economic development around the early 1980’s.  The author also explained the Inuit’s view towards the increasing number of tourists and showed how they changed for the better to adapt to this newfound attraction and embrace it. This be from the selling of certain sculptures or stones, and a strong relationship with the danish on how to improve the Island not for just the tourists, but for everyone living there. Greenland became a new frontier to explore for many Europeans with the attraction of hunting, fishing, and sledging and with the Inuits on board to share their land and culture, this made a easy transition for tourism to be developed in a well mannered fashion. The author is of credible source as she is the research professor of anthropology at California State University, Chico and has also written many articles relating to culture and tourism. The article though was published back in September of 1982 and more explains the development of Tourism in that area during the early 1980’s and could be used for a correlation of data for tourism now a days. The author intended this to be towards a general audience. The author though i noticed went off topic when discussing Greenland’s history and veered from what the title and main paragraph described as Inuits’s tourism industry in this area. An example would be the discussion of Vikings which suggests its filler material in my eyes.

The second article, Tourism and Native Americans-6.3, the author explains the several impacts of tourism throughout the many different regions of the Americas. With the new found attraction of the Inuit culture, tourism boomed after they embraced a sort of folk culture where mainly people would learn of this unknown Inuit culture threw arts, crafts, and annual shows without regard for how this influx of tourism is affecting their native culture. This gave the tourist an inside view of how the Inuits lived in surrounding regions before the heavy impact of tourism came in the 1980’s. Though the author explained how low density regions would often be impacted negatively with a influx of tourists because of the lack of amenities such as hotels, restaurants, and basic public services that the Inuits were all to struggling to get at the time. I could not find any relevant information about the author and could find only this article that she had written. I believe this article was meant to inform a specific audience that wanted to learn about the affects of tourism throughout North America.

 

Valene, S. L. (n.d.). Tourism to Greenland: Renewed Ethnicity? Retrieved February 15, 2017, from https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/tourism-greenland-renewed-ethnicity

Smith, E. M. (n.d.). Tourism and Native Americans – 6.3. Retrieved February 15, 2017, from https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/tourism-and-native-americans-63

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Thoughts on the Siberian Yupiks

Spanning from the northern areas of Canada and Alaska, to as far east as the Russian border with Siberia lie the birthplace of the Inuits and there many different tribes. With very harsh winter conditions in many of the places the Inuits inhabit and a lack of access to nutritional soil led to the establishment of a hunter gatherer society that had its own adaptations into their culture. The Siberian Yupik people are a indigenous Inuit group native to the eastern part of Russia known as Siberia. This Inuit tribe had peaked my interest due to there knowledge and craftsmanship of many art pieces made with the materials given to them by nature showing the strong value placed on creativity and the well being of one another. Many Inuits would make standing or even moving sculptures that were made from walrus tusks and/or whale bones and used putty or something similar to this to craft their Art. This art is on display in many different museums around Alaska and even in Russia, one example being at the university of Fairbanks, Alaska. Many Inuits hold classes or seminars in which they teach and show their cultures through the use of making common tools, weaving and braiding, or through their means and ways of cooking the food native to them ; with whale blubber being a food option under high scrutiny from the general public. Located mainly along the northern hemisphere as shown in Map 1, the Inuits never expanded past their realm of expertise within the harsh and cold winter like conditions, but continued to adapt to progress towards living in harmony and coincide with the neighboring cultures and people.The first map shows the vast areas in which the Inuits had or do inhabit currently. Siberian Yupiks were knowledgeable of the change that was to come in their future and many moved from their island tribes (Map 2) to the mainland to help expand and enrich the Inuit culture within that area instead of living a more separated lifestyle. The second maps pays close attention to the panhandle of Russia where the Siberian Yupiks were all from. This was also due to the addition of many new tools of technology and the affect of dwindling food resources as a result of over hunting certain areas and animals along with the affect of climate change.This puts all of the Inuits long held traditional values at risk as their ways of life are becoming harder to maintain and pursue and maybe this prompts the question if the Inuits are succumbing to the adaptation of time not due to the invasion of men or a different culture, but the unknown consequences of climate change.